Programming is an ever-changing field and great languages come and go; burning bright and then fading into obscurity.
Nothing illustrates this more than Pascal; a powerhouse of the mid 1970s-1980s designed for teaching the concepts of structured language, that declined due to adoption of C and C++. While, there’s still a subset of diehard Pascal programmers around, the language’s days of glory are long past.
The beauty of programming language is that their syntax is simple, so you’ll find that the more you know the easier it will be to pick up a new one. But how do you know which languages will be in demand in the future? Here’s an overview of the coding languages that’ll be in demand over the coming years.
One of the most widely adopted programming languages, Java is used to develop all native Android apps and establishing them on tablets and smartphones. It’s currently employed by nearly 9 million developers and runs on 7 billion devices worldwide. Long-term compatibility ensures the longevity of this powerhouse.
C, C++ and C#
We’ve grouped these three languages together, but don’t interpret this as a sign you can pick one over the other as they all have very different use cases.
C++ builds upon the functionality of C and is considered a mid level language as it contains high and low level features. It’s one of the strongest languages, utilized across system/application software, drivers, client-server applications and embedded firmware. Large portions of Mac OS/X, all major Adobe applications and Google all employ C++ language. That said, it’s mostly used for high performance software like game engines.
C#, pronounced C Sharp, is syntactically nearly identical to Java. Microsoft designed it in the early 00’s as an evolution of C and C++. Its language is simple, modern and object orientated. It’s the prime language for Microsoft applications and is also applicable to a wide range of enterprise applications that run on the .NET. It’s seen a major rise in popularity thanks to the Unity Engine using it as a scripting language.
Like its namesake, Monty Python, this language is extremely easy (and fun) to work with. It closely resembles English, so it’s very readable. For this reason Python has replaced Java as a learning language, and has become the most commonly taught programming language within the U.S.
Best of all, Python is adaptable; it can be used in the building of web apps and for data analysis. Instagram, Pinterest, NASA and Reddit all use Python within their websites.
As the language is so easily understood and accessible, you can expect an increasing amount of large organisations to incorporate it within their frameworks.
While a polarising language, (seriously Google Search - PHP SUCKS), we maintain that PHP is a valuable language for programmers. It’s a commonly used language for the programming of dynamic data-heavy websites, and app development. It’s so common in fact, that it’s estimated that PHP powers one-third of the web. More than 200 million websites include it; Facebook and Wordpress are just a couple of big names that jump to mind.
Best of all it’s an open source language, so there’s a stack of free pre-built modules that you can customise to your liking.
Like Python, Ruby is considered to be a user-friendly language that is very easy to pick up. It’s a dynamic-object oriented scripting language used to build websites and mobile apps. Rails, the add on framework for Ruby, allows rapid development, requires less code making it even simpler to build web apps.
Swift was invented by Apple in 2014. While a relatively young language, it has already gained enough traction to ensure a long future. Leading developers such as Yahoo and LinkedIn were very quick to embrace the new language.
Built for iOS and OS X developers, it’s tailored towards app creation. It can be seamlessly incorporated into existing Objective-C code too, so Swift can easily enhance existing apps.
If you’re already familiar with C++ you should find it easy to pick up Swift.